2011 Grantees

Kevin M. Curtin & Lisa Pawloski – “The Spatial Elements of Health Outcomes in Kurdistan”

Leslie Dwyer – “‘Don’t Disturb the Peace’: Gender, Justice, and Post-Conflict Peacebuidling in Aceh, Indonesia”

T. Mills Kelly – “Global Sex Tourism in Historical Perspective”

Gregory D. Koblentz – “State-Sponsored Nuclear Proliferation: Why States Share Nuclear Weapons Technology with Other States”

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Project Descriptions

Kevin M. Curtin & Lisa Pawloski

Curtin: Associate Professor
Department of Geography and GeoInformation Science

Pawloski: Associate Professor
Department of Global and Community Health

“The Spatial Elements of Health Outcomes in Kurdistan”

Kurdistan, a region somewhat isolated from the most recent conflict of the second Gulf War, has not been immune to the negative social and economic effects of continuing political upheaval. This situation has resulted in significant numbers of individuals with infectious diseases and an increasing prevalence of chronic disease. To better understand the nutritional situation in Kurdistan, we propose to examine the spatial relationships among the nutritional indicators and determinants of 1000 healthy adult women living in both urban and rural areas in Kurdistan. This research is significant not only in that no current analyses have been conducted in Kurdistan concerning the nutritional and health state of women, but also none have done this from a regional or geographic perspective. Within Kurdistan we expect to find greater malnutrition associated spatially with lower socioeconomic regions and greater malnutrition with greater distance from urban centers. We also expect to find very little evidence of overweight and obesity; a surprising finding, as overweight and obesity has been shown to be a growing problem in most transitional countries.

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Leslie Dwyer

Assistant Professor
Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution

“Don’t Disturb the Peace”: Gender, Justice, and Post-Conflict Peacebuidling in Aceh, Indonesia”

After the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the world’s attention turned to Aceh, Indonesia and the pressing need for humanitarian relief. At the same time, the lingering effects of another trauma, that of decades of violent conflict in the province, have been largely overlooked. The proposed study will be an ethnography of post-conflict and post-tsunami communities in Aceh, aimed at understanding how peace, justice, and political stability are being framed and contested locally. Planned for summer 2011, the study will involve semi-structured interviews of women and men and participant-observation in two locations – a rural village hit hard by the violent conflict and the capital city of Banda Aceh, the focus of the majority of international aid. The study will build both on the investigator’s substantial familiarity with the area’s politics, language, and culture and on literature examining the social dimension of natural disaster, humanitarian aid, and globalizing discourses of rights, peace and justice.

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T. Mills Kelly

Associate Professor
Department of History and Art History/Global Affairs

“Global Sex Tourism in Historical Perspective”

I will be researching the history of global sex tourism on a comparative and transdisciplinary basis. To date studies of global sex tourism and global sex trafficking are largely devoid of historical context and so my research will set these two related global industries in a historical framework that makes it possible to better understand their present manifestations. I intend to use funding from the Center for Global Studies to fund a research trip to Switzerland to meet with representatives of various international organizations working on the issue of global sex trafficking to discuss both how they deal with sex tourism as a subset of sex trafficking and to examine the resources available there for future research. The results of this project will be an article and several public presentations on the history of global sex tourism.

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Gregory D. Koblentz

Assistant Professor
Department of Public and International Affairs

“State-Sponsored Nuclear Proliferation: Why States Share Nuclear Weapons Technology with Other States”

My research examines the puzzle of why states share nuclear weapons technology—the most powerful military technology ever invented—with other states. This behavior defies the basic tenets of realism, yet has occurred in multiple instances around the world. Surprisingly, this area of research remains underexplored in the nuclear non-proliferation literature. Our lack of understanding of the causes of this behavior is distressing since the current wave of proliferation is driven largely by this phenomenon. The Syrian nuclear reactor destroyed by an Israeli airstrike in 2007 was being built with the assistance of North Korea. The ongoing crises over the Iranian and North Korean nuclear programs are a result of uranium enrichment technology transferred to them by Pakistan. To explain why states have been willing to assist other states in developing indigenous nuclear weapon production and delivery capabilities, I draw upon insights from the realist, liberal, and constructivist paradigms of international relations to construct three models to examine the motivations behind the sharing of nuclear weapon technology: security, parochial interests, and cultural. This analytical framework provides the foundation for a systematic, comparative analysis of state-sponsored nuclear proliferation and its implications for international relations theory and nonproliferation strategy. In my analysis, I describe the nature and history of nuclear weapon cooperation, examine the conditions under which cooperation occurs, assess the value of competing theories for explaining this phenomenon, and provide recommendations for strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime.

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