Mark Goodale – “The Violence of Ambiguity: Constitutional Revolution and the Problem of Radical Social Change in Bolivia”
Stephen Groening – “Pan American World Airways: Global Air Travel and Global Entertainment”
Toby Jenkins – “Culture, Patriotism, and National Identity”
Linda Seligmann – “The Struggles and Calculations of Andean Market Women in the Context of Neoliberalism and Touristic Ventures”
Trevor Thrall – “Building a Better Boomerang? Evaluating the Human Rights Methodology in the New Media Age”
School of Conflict Analysis and Resolution
“The Violence of Ambiguity: Constitutional Revolution and the Problem of Radical Social Change in Bolivia”
Dr. Goodale is conducting a final round of research in Bolivia as part of a new study of social and political conflict, constitutionalism, and the possibilities for radical social change in the contemporary world. This is a major stakeholder analysis of the different conflicts in Bolivia associated with the unprecedented election of Evo Morales and the constitutional revolution of the governing MAS party. His ethnographic, historical, and comparative research has taken him from the presidential palace to meetings of neo-fascist youth brigades in the separatist lowlands, from the sites of ethnic and class violence in Sucre and Porvenir to meetings of “neo-Indianist” university students at the national university. The book that he will write based on this research will hopefully offer a compelling and theoretically rich analysis of revolutionary Bolivia that at the same time sheds light on problems of wider relevance for scholars, including the problem of radical social change in the post-Cold War, the relationship between law and governance, the role of violence in political mobilizations, and the emergence of what Arturo Escobar has recently called “postliberal” state formations.
Department of English
“Pan American World Airways: Global Air Travel and Global Entertainment”
Dr. Groening will visit the Pan American World Airways Archives, which will provide valuable research for his book manuscript, Cinema Beyond Territory: InFlight Entertainment and Atmospheres of Globalization. The book is an inquiry into two dominant facets of modern life: mobility and visuality. The jet airplane constitutes a key locus for an analysis of the dynamic, in which we seem to be always on the move and always surrounded by images. Cinema Beyond Territory takes as its specific objects of analysis the alliance between the global entertainment industry and the global transportation industry, the practices of leisure and productivity in the air carried out by passengers, the aesthetics of passenger jet travel (including the view out the window, the seating arrangements, and proprioceptive stimulation), the intersection of entertainment and aerial disasters, safety announcements, tourism films, media convergence, and the transnational distribution of culture. This project is also an inquiry into the nature of cultural globalization, marked by the expansion of cinematic images (filmic, televisual, and digital) as the dominant mode of cultural transmission. With this in mind, his book takes inflight entertainment as the preeminent example of a mobile and mediated life that has come to dominate contemporary globalized society.
Department of Higher Education
“Culture, Patriotism, and National Identity”
Globalization impacts more than economies, industries, and systems. People are also affected. Cultures are impacted. This project will explore how the narratives of immigrants/ethnic minorities in Europe are expressed in either unison with or opposition to national identity. The German-American Fulbright commission offers the following explanation of the changing times in Europe:
The core nation states in Europe have for many decades been among the strongest and most reliable allies of the United States and with the introduction of the Euro have turned into an unparalleled economic powerhouse. The original idea of a European identity nurtured by a common history, similar societal values and a multitude of cultural patterns woven by regional differences and commonalities…was to lead to a new Europe … This new identity was to create an atmosphere of mutual understanding, cooperation, and wealth across borders to eliminate the threat of serious cultural conflicts that have plagued the citizens of virtually all European nations for hundreds of years. Europeans are puzzled at times; they all have at least two cultural identities, with strong national or even regional ties and a common set of ‘old’ European values*
Dr. Jenkins’s interest lies in the place that immigrants have in this new European identity. How do they make meaning of national identity? How do they define or interpret concepts like “patriotism” “national identity”? What expectations does the idea of globalization raise among immigrant populations? This project will fund her work in Germany during the summer of 2012.
Back to Top
Department of Sociology & Anthropology
“The Struggles and Calculations of Andean Market Women in the Context of Neoliberalism and Touristic Ventures”
Market women the world over have been the subject of contentious debate, a lightning rod for defining citizenship rights, modernity, economic rationality, and ideal gender, class, generational, and ethnic relationships. They occupy a central place in the popular imagination of Peruvians. Dr. Seligmann’s project analyzes how the economic, cultural, and political position and activities of market women in Andean highland Peru have changed over the last decade in the context of neoliberal economic policies, formalization, deregulation, remarkable economic growth, primarily based on the extraction of natural resources, and the sharp rise of tourism in Cusco, Peru. It specifically compares and contrasts the consequences of these changes for agricultural and handicraft vendors. Rather than simply noting globalization at work, her research examines the contradictory effects of globalization in a particular ethnographic context. Dr. Seligmann has already completed one chapter on the basis of research completed thus far that is under review for an edited volume published by the School for Advanced Research in Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Department of Public & International Affairs
“Building a Better Boomerang? Evaluating the Human Rights Methodology in the New Media Age”
Central to the success of transnational human rights groups is what has been called the “human rights methodology” (HRM), the strategy of identifying and publicizing human rights violations in order to bring international pressure to bear on the perpetrators. In order to make this strategy truly effective, NGOs must be able to expose human rights violations in the international news media. Though there is a great deal of anecdotal and case study-based evidence of the effectiveness of specific campaigns, there has been very little quantitative examination of the overall effectiveness of the HRM and the conditions under which it is most useful. Moreover, thanks to the emergence of the Internet and various new and social media platforms, NGOs, oppressive governments, and even the victims of human rights abuses themselves have new means to communicate, adding complexity to the question of how and how well the HRM works. Dr. Thrall’s paper seeks to assess the effectiveness of the HRM in two steps. First, we investigate the success of the major transnational human rights groups at generating attention for their causes in various traditional international news media outlets. Second, it examines the emerging new and social media strategies of these NGOs and measures the visibility of human rights campaigns in various online settings compared to traditional news media settings.
Back to Top
Janine Wedel, Jack R. Censer, Armando Geller, Jeremy D. Mayer & Joseph A. Scimecca
School of Public Policy
Department of History & Art History
Geller: External Affiliate
Mayer: Associate Professor
School of Public Policy
Department of Sociology & Anthropology
“Shadow Lobbyists: Applying Social Network and Historical Analysis to the Study of Global Influence”
This group brings together the study of global power and influence with the application of cutting-edge social network analysis, and will chart, illustrate, and analyze the operations of “shadow lobbyists.” These players, who arose to get around laws that apply to lobbyists, weave their way through global networks, leapfrogging rules and borders to achieve their goals. While they have crucial implications for accountability and democratic governance, the subject is barely recognized and no systematic work has yet been conducted. This project, the first known research undertaking on the topic, aims to fill that gap. Building on the framework laid out by Principal Investigator Janine Wedel, in Shadow Elite: How the World’s New Power Brokers Undermine Democracy, Government, and the Free Market, the group will bring expertise in anthropology, political science, sociology, history, public policy, and computational social science to this subject. They seek to (1) establish the patterns of operation of shadow lobbyists by charting the roles, networks, and organizations of selected players in key sectors; (2) build a database of shadow lobbyists, capturing the players’ movements among positions and roles, interconnectedness among players and organizations, and potential flows of influence; (3) begin to explore how widespread shadow lobbyists might be through interviews with government auditors around the world; (4) analyze literature on power and influence and place the new breed of players in historical, comparative, and global context; and (5) use this work as a basis for scholarly articles and to refine grant proposal for private funders.